År 1974 i Finlands utrikespolitik
Finland's free trade agreement with the EEC came into force.
Finland's permanent representative at the UN, Ambassador Aarno Karhilo, was chosen as Chairman of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for 1974.
Finland discontinued the development credit agreement concluded with Chile in August 1973 because of the changed political situation in Chile.
Outokumpu Oy, a state-directed mining company, indefinitely discontinued the planning of a copper smelting plant to be built in Chile.
A natural gas pipeline between Finland and the Soviet Union was inaugurated in Valkeala (a rural commune in South-East Finland).
The Government appropriated 750,000 Fmk for humanitarian aid to the Sachet area, Ethiopia, the Middle East and Chile.
The last four Chilean refugees arrived in Finland. A total of 107 Chilean refugees had arrived in Finland earlier.
Parliament concluded consideration of the EEC protective laws by approving a fourth law on price equalization and a price freeze. On January 7 the Parliament approved a law on securing foreign trade and economic growth and on January 8 an exports payment law and a price control
law. These laws were considered pressing. The original protective law packet contained six laws, but two were voted to lie dormant until a new election has been held.
The second stage of the CSCE resumed work in Geneva after a break of five weeks.
Minister of Transport Pekka Tarjanne left for negotiations in the Far East.
Hungarian Minister of Foreign Trade Josef Biro arrived in Finland for an official visit.
Finland and Poland signed an agreement on economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation during Polish Minister of Foreign Trade Tadeusz Olechowski's visit.
Finland and Poland signed an agreement on the abolition of visas. The agreement came into force on March 2.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left on an official visit to Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zambia. He took a personal letter from President Kekkonen to each of the Heads of State of these countries. During his trip Minister Karjalainen met the Heads of State, Prime Ministers and Foreign Ministers of all four counties. Finland agreed on new development credits for Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia. Minister Karjalainen also met the Secretary Generals of several international organisations and the representatives of African liberation movements.
A trade agreement for 1974 between Finland and the People's Republic of China was signed in Peking.
The Government decided to appropriate 1.2 million Fmk in the next supplementary budget to aiding Chilean refugees in Finland.
Two Finnish UN soldiers were killed and six were injured when the car transporting them drove over a mine in Suez.
President Kekkonen left on an unofficial visit to Zavidovo in the Soviet Union for talks with President Nikolai Podgorny and Premier Aleksei Kosygin.
The 22nd meeting of the Nordic Council began in Stockholm. At the top of the Council's agenda were questions related to energy policy. 19.2. Norway. Sweden, Denmark and Finland signed an agreement on conservation of the environment at meeting.
Finland and the Republic of Korea signed an agreement on the abolition of visas.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine visited Svetogorsk in the Soviet Union, where Finland and the Soviet Union are jointly carrying out the modernization and expansion of the Svetogorsk pulp and paper mill.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left on a six-day private visit to Poland.
The Government presented the Parliament with its report on energy policy, stating as Finland's goal the creation of a three-month safety reserve alongside commercial stores. The Parliament approved the Government's energy policy on March 1 (104— 90).
The meeting for the Nordic foreign ministries' directors for political affairs in Oslo ended.
President Urho Kekkonen began the four-year extension of his term of office by taking the ceremonial oath in accordance with the Form of Government Act of the Constitution. President Kekkonen's term of office, which began in 1968, was extended by exceptional statute in 1973.
UN Assistant Secretary General Bradford Morse paid a visit to Helsinki and discussed the Sahelian question with representatives of the Foreign Ministry.
At its meeting in Copenhagen the Nordic Ministerial Council signed a supplementary agreement to the so-called Helsinki Agreement of 1962. The agreement concerned conservation of the environment and the Nordic principle of publicity.
Rauma-Repola signed an agreement for delivering six tankers of special construction to the Soviet Union.
President Urho Kekkonen left on a private week-end trip to Sweden. During his trip he talked with Prime Minister Olof Palme and met Finns resident in Sweden. A communiqué published on March 17 stated that Sweden had carried out unauthorized espionage operations in Finland and that discussion of the IB espionage case between Sweden and Finland was concluded.
During the course of a trial against editors of the Swedish magazine Folket i bild/Kulturfront the accusation had been put forth that the activities of the Swedish Intelligence Agency IB extended to Finland and from here to the Soviet Union. Swedish Foreign Minister Sven Andersson denied this on a visit to Finland in December 1973. Parliament made inquiries into the matter on January 1 and February 27. On February 18 the Finnish Government sent an official protest to the Swedish Government on account of the IB case. On March 5 the Foreign Affairs Committee of Parliament decided to demand a report from the Foreign Ministry and the Security Police. The details of this report remained secret. Minister of the Interior Heikki Tuominen's answer to in enquiries made in Parliament was published on April 5.
Finland and Poland signed a protocol on the exchange of goods for 1974.
Cuban Minister of Education José Fernandez arrived in Finland on a one-week visit.
The first meeting of the international commission - established to look into the Chilean Military Junta's offences began in Dipoli, Espoo. The first secretary of the Socialist Party of Chile Carlos Altamirano was among the participants.
In Helsinki seven Baltic Sea countries signed an agreement on the protection of the Baltic Sea.
Minister of Education Ulf Sundqvist and Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine left for Moscow, where an exposition of Finnish art and technology was opened the following day.
Finland and the Federal Republic of Germany initialled a document concerning the comprehensive arrangement of their relations in Bonn.
Sudanese Foreign Minister Doctor Mansour Khaled arrived in Finland.
Negotiations on the next long-term trade agreement between Finland and the Soviet Union started in Helsinki. The agreement will cover the period 1976—80. The Soviet delegation was led by Assistant Minister of Foreign Trade Aleksei Manzhulo.
The state fuel centre decided to purchase 165 apparatuses for peat production and for getting bogs into good condition from the Soviet Union.
President Urho Kekkonen left for the Gulf of Mexico on a private fishing trip. Mr. Kekkonen met Mexican President Luis Echeverria on the island of Cozumal in the Caribbean. The Presidents agreed on establishing a joint organ to study the possibilities for cooperation in the fields of trade, culture and tourism.
An agreement on Finland's additional exports to the Soviet Union was signed in Helsinki. The additional exports caused by the rise in the market price of oil totalled 900 Fmks in 1974. In negotiations on the price of oil on January 24, Finland and the Soviet Union agreed to switch over to pricing oil products according to so-called Rotterdam notations. This meant that Finland's oil bill would double. After visiting the Soviet Union on February 15, Mr. Kekkonen stated that Finland could pay her larger oil bill with additional exports and new building contracts. On February 2 Finland gave the Soviet Union a more accurate list of the products whose exports could be increased. In talks on March 29, agreement was reached on the prices of crude oil for the first half of 1974.
In a speech given in Helsinki, Finland's Ambassador to the UN Aarno Karhilo considered it important that Finland's financial contribution to development cooperation taking place through the UN and other international organizations remain central.
Finland and Soviet Union signed a maritime agreement in Moscow. It was Finland's first maritime agreement.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left for the Nordic foreign ministers' meeting in Copenhagen. The main items on the meeting's agenda were the CSCE and questions related to the Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea.
Chile's military government protested that Finnish cabinet ministers took part in the Chile Commission's meeting in Helsinki; Foreign Minister Karjalainen stated on April 5 that the protest will not change Finland's policy.
The Constitutional Reform Committee submitted its interim report of approximately 200 pages. The Committee proposed that the President's power be reduced and that of Parliament extended.
The 26th anniversary of the FMCA Treaty was celebrated, in Helsinki. Present at the occasion were President Kekkonen and the Soviet Minister of Cellulose and Paper Industries K. I. Galashin.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine left for Moscow to represent Finland at the CMEA's 25th anniversary meeting.
President of the International Court of Justice Doctor Mantred Lachs arrived in Finland on an official visit.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine left for trade negotiations in Czechoslovakia.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine took the floor at the Special Session of the UN General Assembly, in New York.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left on a two-day unofficial visit to Moscow, where he discussed speeding up the CSCE with, among others, Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev.
Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa paid an official visit to Romania. During the visit Finland and Romania signed an agreement on cultural and scientific cooperation.
Finland and the Soviet Union signed an agreement on tourism in Helsinki.
Finland and Bulgaria signed an agreement on the reciprocal removal of trade barriers (a so- called Kevsos agreement) in Helsinki.
President Kekkonen flew to Austria to attend President Franz Jonas' funeral.
Soviet Minister of Communications and Public works B. P. Beshtsev arrived in Finland.
Finland and Hungary signed an agreement on the reciprocal removal of trade barriers (a so- called Kevsos agreement) in Helsinki.
The meeting of the Nordic Social Democratic Parties' party secretaries began in Helsinki. The leader of' Portugal's Socialist Party Mario Soares met the Nordic Social democratic leaders on May 4.
Patriarch Pimen of Moscow and the whole of Russia arrived in Finland.
Polish Minister of Education Jerzy Kuberski arrived in Finland.
The meeting of the leaders of the Nordic Center Parties convened in Helsinki.
Norwegian Minister of Defence Alv Jakob Fostervoll and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's Minister of Finance Kim Kyong Ryong arrived in Finland.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine participated in the EFTA ministerial meeting in Geneva.
Finland appropriated 1,810,000 Fmk to assisting international population programmes.
President Kekkonen and the Finnish Government sent Chile's Military Government an appeal that the death sentence should not be passed in political trials. Telegrams signed by a hundred members of the Parliament were sent to UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim and Chile's Military Junta, The telegram to the Junta demanded open trials and the possibility for foreign lawyers to participate in the defence.
The yearly inter-party meeting of the chairmen of European Conservative and Christian Democratic Parties began in Porvoo.
The leading organ of the CPSU, Pravda, accused SAK's (The Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions) second chairman Arvo Hautala of damaging Finnish-Soviet friendly relations. At a press conference on May 9, Hautala accused vice chairman of Finland's Cornminist Party Taisto Sinisalo of spreading false allegations during negotiations between the leaders of the CPF and the CPSU in Moscow on February 11.
Indian Minister of Commerce Professor Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya arrived in Finland on an official visit.
Polish Deputy Prime Minister Mieczyslaw Jagielski arrived in Finland for an official visit. During his visit he stated that Finland can double her coal imports from Poland by 1980.
Finland and the Federal Republic of Germany signed an agreement on air traffic in Bonn.
Secretary General of the CMEA N. V. Faddejev arrived on a visit to Finland, during which he lectured at a CMEA-seminar arranged by the Finnish Institute of International Affairs.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left for the GDR on an official visit.
Talks on the price of crude oil to be imported from the Soviet Union for the rest of the year began in Moscow.
The Confidential Committee set up in the aftermath of the Zavidovo news leak submitted its report. The Committee proposed that people other than those officially allowed seeing secret documents be allowed access to information about such documents with special permission.
Speaking about the CSCE on television. President Kekkonen said that achieving positive results at the European Security Conference is "of vital importance” to European nations
The Finnish Government donated 126000 Fmk to the Oranisation for African Unity's (OAU) fund, to go to humanitarian aid for the victims of colonialism and apartheid.
The Communist Party of Finland celebrated its 30th anniversary of public activity in Helsinki. Representatives of 16 fraternal parties arrived to celebrate the occasion.
Director of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) A. H. Boerma arrived on a six- day visit to Finland.
Minister of Justice Matti Louekoski left on an official visit to the Soviet Union.
The period of operations of Finland's peace-keeping troops on Cyprus was extended to the middle of December.
Minister of Communications and Public Works Pekka Tarjanne left for Sweden on an official visit.
Soviet Ocean Navy Minister T. B. Guzhenko and Deputy Minister of the Interior B. Shumilin arrived in Finland on a five-day visit.
Director of the Asian Development Bank Shiro Inouen paid a two-day visit to Finland.
The Estonian Soviet Republic's Minister of Trade K. E. Todeson arrived in Finland.
Soviet Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade N. D. Komarov arrived on a five-day visit.
The Finnish Government appropriated 40 million Fmk in additional development credits to the UN Special Programme.
Minister of Education Marjatta Väänänen took part in the meeting for the Nordic ministers of culture held in Reykjavik.
The meeting for Nordic ministers of industry convened in Helsinki.
The Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea began in Caracas. The Finnish delegation at the Conference was headed by Paul Gustafsson, Director at the Foreign Ministry.
The German Federal Republic's Minister of regional Planning Karl Ravens arrived in Finland on an official two-day visit.
Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa left for England to take part in the Socialist International's meeting for party leaders.
The second round of negotiations on the next long-term trade agreement between Finland and the Soviet Union began.
The Constitutional Committee was appointed anew. At the same time three new members were appointed to the Committee.
The Chileans, Senator Luis Gustavino, Allende's Minister of Health Juan Carlos Concha and the ex-director of the Central Bank of Chile Hugo Fazio arrived in Finland for a few months, to continue from here to refuge in the GDR.
At the Northern Cap area peace conference arranged by Norway, Sweden, the Soviet Union and Finland in Rovaniemi, President Kekkonen's proposal for a nuclear-free Nordic area was brought up.
MP Ulf Sundqvist took the floor at the conference for all European left-wing parties held in Paris.
UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim appointed Assistant secretary General Helvi Sipilä Secretary General of the 1975 Women's Year and the UN Conference on Women's Rights.
MP RaIf Friberg spoke of a nuclear-free Nordic area at the Baltic Sea peace week.
Finland and Nigeria signed a basic agreement on technical development cooperation in Lagos. Nigeria is one of the principal recipients of Finnish development cooperation.
The Finnish Government stated that it would give full support to the UN Security Council's efforts to find a solution that guarantees the maintenance of peace and both the independence and the inviolability of Cyprus.
Finland and the Soviet Union initialled an agreement on cooperation to prevent the hijacking of civil airliners in Helsinki.
Finland and Bangladesh signed an agreement on the abolition of visas.
At the UN Secretary General's request, the Finnish Government decided to send a 200 man reinforcement to Cyprus immediately and another 200- man division later on.
Finland and Kenya signed a 10 million Fmk agreement on development cooperation.
The CSCE's summer recess began.
Four prominent Chilean refugees appealed to the Finnish Government and people to condemn the new wave of violence raging in Chile.
Finland and the Soviet Union signed a trade agreement for approximately 1100 million Fmk. According to the agreement, Finland will deliver nickel and copper smelting plants to Norilsk in the Soviet Union between 1976 and 1977.
Hungarian Minister of Defence Lajos Czinege arrived in Finland.
The Soviet air force paid its first visit to Finland. The visit began in Kuopio.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen sent the Chilean Foreign Minister a telegram expressing his concern about the death sentences pronounced in Chile.
Finland recognized Guinea-Bissau.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine left on a visit to the Bulgarian People's Republic. During Minister Laine's visit Finland and Bulgaria signed an agreement on economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation as well as an agreement on tourism (12.8.).
17 Finnish UN soldiers were wounded on Cyprus.
Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Omar Saddaf arrived in Finland for an official visit. The visit was concluded with the signing of an agreement on economic, technical and technological cooperation between Finland and Saudi Arabia.
The Government decided to appropriate 200000 Fmk to humanitarian aid activities being carried out in Chile.
Minister of Communications and Public Works Pekka Tarjanne participated in the Northern Cap conference in Kuruna, Sweden.
Archbishop Martti Simojoki demanded that normal democratic circumstances and human rights be hastily re-established in Chile.
The Government appropriated 100000 Fmk to be used for humanitarian aid carried out by the Red Cross in Vietnam.
A joint meeting of the Nordic ministers of justice and the Judicial Committee of the Nordic Council was held in Helsinki.
The OECD's report on Finland considered 1974 more demanding than 1973 in the field of economic policy.
Czechoslovakian Post and Telegraph Minister Vlastimil Chalupan concluded his visit to Finland.
Minister for Social Affairs Seija Karkinen officially took the floor for Finland at the UN Population Conference in Bucha rest.
Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa left for Sweden on a three-day official visit. During Prime Minister Sorsa's visit Finland and Sweden agreed to set up a committee to look into developing industrial cooperation.
Minister of Foreign Trade Jermu Laine left on an official visit to the People's Republic of Hungary. During the visit Finland and Hungary signed an agreement on long-term economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation and an agreement on tourism (2.9.).
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen left for the Nordic foreign ministers' meeting in Iceland.
The Foreign Ministry appropriated 100000 Fmk to be used through the Church's foreign aid activities for humanitarian aid in Chile.
A dairy and milk-powder factory built with Finnish and UNICEF aid was opened in Ludhtana, India.
The CSCE resumed work in Geneva.
Finland and the Soviet Union began negotiations on energy cooperation in Moscow. The cooperation programme will cover the period 1975—85.
Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard arrived in Finland on a three-day state visit. Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen and Dutch Foreign Minister Max von Stoel discussed questions of interest to both countries.
The five-day peace conference held in Leningrad by eight Baltic and Nordic countries ended.
President Urho Kekkonen left on an unofficial visit to the Soviet Union, Kostamus and Kivijärvi.
A delegation for the Organization for African Unity's (OAU) liberation committee arrived in Finland.
The GDR's Minister of Justice Hans-Joachim Hensinger arrived in Finland on an official visit.
Finland and the Soviet Union signed a five-year long- term trade agreement for the period 1976—80 and protocols drawn up by the permanent intergovernmental commission for cooperation in Helsinki. The agreement covers a sum of approximately 45 billion Fmk and predominantly concerns exporting ships and importing energy.
Finland and Turkey initialled an agreement on air traffic.
Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovakian Communist Party Doctor Gustav Husak arrived in Finland on a four-day visit. His party included Foreign Minister Bohuslav Chnoupek and Minister of Foreign Trade Andrei Bar^cak. The visit was concluded with the signing of a Finnish-Czechoslovakian agreement on the reciprocal removal of trade barriers (a so-called Kevsos agreement) and a six- year trade agreement (19.9.). See documentary section.
"Entrance upon peace 30 years ago opened up a new period in Finnish social development. Now society is healthier, more just and stronger” said President Kekkonen in a statement given on account of the 30th anniversary of the 1944 armistice.
Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa and Minister of the Interior Heikki Tuominen left for Hungary on an official visit. On the way home Prime Minister Sorsa paid a visit to Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen started a long series of visits, during which he travelled to the German Federal Republic, London and New York and met with the leaders of the CSCE delegations in Geneva.
A nation-wide campaign to collect signatures for a peace- address was started. The purpose of the campaign was to unite all the peace forces in Finland to support friendly relations and cooperation between Finland and the Soviet Union. President Urho Kekkonen was patron of the campaign and it was led by Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen, who also presented the peace-address to Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny in May 1975.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen and the Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher signed a joint statement on Finnish-West German relations, bringing to a conclusion the three-year long negotiations between Finland and the two Germanies on relations as a whole (see documentary section).
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen officially took the floor for Finland at the UN General Assembly.
Minister of' Defence Kristian Gestrin left for France on an official visit.
Soviet Minister of Justice Vladimir I. Terebilov arrived in Finland on an unofficial visit.
The Finnish Government decided to donate 250 000 Fmk to the humanitarian aid programme in Cyprus.
The State Council's presidential session decided to transfer Minister of Defence Kristian Gestrin to the post of Minister of Commerce and Industry and to appoint Carl-Olof Homen Minister of Defence in his stead.
Finland and Romania signed an agreement on cultural, educational and scientific cooperation in 1975 and 1976.
Minister of Finance Johannes Virolainen and Esko Niskanen participated in the yearly meeting of the World Bank group and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington D.C.
In its answer to parliamentary inquiries, the Government stated that, under the present conditions, breaking off relations with Chile would achieve nothing positive.
Minister of Justice Matti Louekoski left for Poland on a four-day visit.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen said that in his opinion "the CSCE has now reached the stage for a final all-out effort.” According to Minister Karjalainen the atmosphere at talks in New York and Geneva was optimistic.
The peace week began. During the peace week a money-raising campaign was organized that raised 1.6 million Fmk for the use of democratic forces in Chile.
The Nordic defence ministers' meeting was held in Gothenburg.
Czechoslovakian Minister of Education Josef Havlin arrived in Finland on an official visit.
The 100000 Fmk granted by the Government to the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique. Frelimo, was handed over to Frelimo's leader in Dar es Salaam.
Finland and France signed an agreement on a cultural exchange programme for the period 1975—77.
A state delegation led by Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny arrived in Finland on an official four-day visit. During the visit agreements were signed on Finnish-Soviet governmental cooperation in the field of power economics for the period 1975— 85 and on a Finnish-Soviet long- range scientific and technical programme. President Podgorny took part in the combined 30th anniversary of the 1944 armistice and the Finnish-Soviet Friendship Society in Helsinki. In his festival address President Podgorny stated that the Soviet Union is together with the other nuclear-weapon states, prepared to guarantee the status of a nuclear-free zone in Northern Europe. At the festival President Kekkonen said that "the course of events (leading to the Continuation War) was set in motion primarily through conscious decisions made by Finns”, thus refuting the so-called driftwood theory. According to the theory, Finland was through no fault of her own caught up in the turmoil of war. The speech aroused discussion both in Finland and abroad. The right-wing newspaper Uusi Suomi wrote:
"President Kekkonen is committing an act of violence to Finland's wartime and pre-war history and is impressing upon it a stamp of worthlessness . . . "Kansan Uutiset SKDL's (the Democratic League of the Finnish People) and the CFP's newspaper, stated that "Kekkonen presented a summary of these events, which... was accepted long ago in left-wing circles of the workers' movement”. On October 25, Die Welt asked, "why is President Kekkonen writing his country's history anew'?
The speech appears entirely in the document section. The communiqué published at the end of the visit stated that Finnish-Soviet relations had during the past thirty years become confidential and independent of periodic changes in the international situation.
Finland and Tanzania signed a 10 million Fmk development credit agreement.
‘The CSCE work has proved to be more difficult and time-consuming than we first expected”, President Kekkonen stated in an interview given to the newspaper Neues Deutschland.
Chairman of the State Council of the GDR Willi Stoph arrived in Finland on a three-day official visit. Chairman Stoph and President Kekkonen discussed Finnish-East German relations, the progress of the CSCE and the signing of an agreement on the removal of trade barriers between Finland and the GDR.
Austrian Minister of Commerce Josef Staribacher arrived in Finland on an official visit.
Finland and the People's Republic of Mongolia signed their first five-year trade agreement in Helsinki.
The EFTA meeting for ministers of foreign trade began in Helsinki. The meeting was preceded by a two-day meeting of the EFTA Consultative Committee.
Finland signed a 15 million Fmk development credit agreement with Zambia.
Polish Minister of Labour, Wage and Social Affairs Vincenty Kawalec arrived in Finland.
Soviet Minister of Forest and Wood-Processing Industries V. V. Timofejev arrived in Finland to participate in the 57th anniversary celebration of the October Revolution, which opened up the Finnish-Soviet Friendship month.
The Nordic Council's autumn meeting began in Alborg.
The idea of a nuclear-free Nordic area was once again forcefully set into motion during Soviet President Podgorny's visit, President Kekkonen stated in an interview for the newspaper Kaleva.
Hungarian Minister of Internal Trade Istran Szurdi arrived in Finland.
Minister of Justice Matti Louekoskj left on a visit to Holland.
The Finnish and Soviet Governments signed a protocol on cooperation in the field of higher education for the period 1975—79.
The King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf arrived in Finland on a state visit. Swedish Foreign Minister Sven Andersson, who was with the King, stated that Sweden was prepared to discuss the plan for a Nordic nuclear- free zone with the other countries involved.
"I believe interesting and outspoken mass-communication on our neighbouring country would be in accordance with the goals of our friendly relations. We might thus be a positive example for other European countries”, President Kekkonen said in an interview for Izvestia.
GöranAlbinsson's article published in the Stockholm daily Svenska Dagbladet on November 20, "This is how the Soviet Union wants to lead Finland to the left”, which maintained that it is the function of the Soviet ambassador in Finland to influence internal Finnish affairs, aroused criticism. On November 25 the Government instructed Finnish Ambassador in Stockholm Max Jakobson to express Finland's disapproval of the article to Svenska Dagbladet.
The Finnish-Soviet protocol on the exchange of goods for 1975 was signed in Moscow. Finland and the Soviet Union signed a bilateral agreement on cooperation in legal affairs in Moscow. It was Finland's first agreement of this kind with a Socialist country.
Foreign Minister Ahti Karjalainen in answering a written parliamentary inquiry said that the Government underscores the press' own responsibility to see that newspapers do not contain articles conflicting with the basic line of our foreign policy.
In an interview for Polish television, President Kekkonen expressed his hope that the CSCE would give impetus to the abolition of relies left from the World War and to the normalization of relations between European countries, which includes reciprocal interaction between states as well as different social groups and individuals.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Labour Party Edward Gierek and Polish Prime Minister Pyotr Jaroszewicz arrived in Finland on an official visit. During the visit Finland and Poland signed a ten-year programme for the implementation of the agreement on economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation and a basic agreement on coal deliveries between 1975 and 1990 as well as four other agreements.
Commander-in-chief of the defence forces Lauri Sutela left on a visit to Sweden.
The President's wife Mrs. Sylvi Kekkonen passed away.
Minister of the Interior Heikki Tuominen participated in festivities in Leningrad and Moscow in honour of the anniversary of Finland's independence.
A delegation for the Finnish Social Democratic Party travelled to Moscow as guests of the Central Committee of the CPSU.
Chairman of the Soviet Trade Union Congress (VZPS) A. N. Shelepin arrived in Finland to participate in the Finnish and Soviet central labour organizations' two-day meeting.
Final agreement was reached on producing the joint Finnish-Soviet film about Lenin and Finland.
The Ministry of Education and the Finnish Academy decided to set up a research project to look into how the Second World War's affected Finland's international position and political, social and economic conditions in Finland.
Finland and the People's Republic of China signed an agreement on air traffic in Peking.
UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim nominated Ambassador Ilkka Pastinen Secretary General of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference to be held in Geneva in May, 1975.
Finland and the People's Republic of China signed a trade agreement in Helsinki.