Held at Headquarters, New York, on Tuesday, 25 September 1990, at 4.30 p.m.
This record contains the original text of speeches delivered in English and interpretations of speeches in the other languages. The final text will be printed in the Official Records of the Security Council.
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Mr. PAASIO (Finland): Let me join the other speakers before me in expressing the pleasure of my delegation at seeing you, Sir, assuming the presidency of this meeting of the Security Council.
The Security Council meets today under unusual circumstances. The background for today's session is tragic. In the midst of a crisis, the Security Council has just adopted another resolution to follow up those adopted since early August under Chapter VII of the Charter. This new resolution follows logically the action already taken by the Council in order to deal with the invasion and occupation of the State of Kuwait by Iraq and to bring the crisis to a peaceful end.
Mindful of the fact that the Security Council is intended to act as the supreme organ for collective security, we hope that the holding of this meeting at the level of Foreign Ministers adds emphasis to the action the Council has taken in order to solve the crisis.
In our view, the adoption of today's resolution will give a clear signal of the determination of the Security Council to continue to uphold and strengthen the principle of collective security.
I wish to take this opportunity in order to set out briefly the principles on which Finland has based its policies with regard to the occupation of Kuwait by Iraq.
As a small, neutral country, Finland has a vital interest in promoting the development of a peaceful and rational world order based on the universal collective security system provided by the Charter. Collective security implies in actual fact that the security of Kuwait is also the security of all other States, in particular of the smaller Member States.
Finland is against the use of force by one State against the territorial integrity or political independence of any other State. We are against occupation resulting from such use of force. We believe that all disputes between States must be settled by peaceful means.
We believe that the authority of the United Nations must not be undermined by tolerating, in flagrant violation of the Charter, the purported annexation of one Member State by another.
The fact that it has not always been possible in the past to apply the rules Chapter VII of the Charter and summon the collective strength of the international community against aggression is no argument against the application effective sanctions today.
We want to live in a world where the Charter is respected and where everybody knows that, if needed, the Security Council has the will and the capability to use effectively the instruments at its disposal. This is now being demonstrated by the council in concrete action.
There is one message which in the midst of the crisis cannot be emphasized too often. It is that the world community wants a peaceful outcome to the crisis used by the invasion and occupation of Kuwait. It must be based on the resolutions of the Security Council. We know that sincere efforts have been made border to persuade Iraq to abandon its present misguided and dangerous policies and to withdraw from Kuwait. We know that the Secretary-General is readily available for further discussions with the Iraqi leadership, if such discussions could be useful. The road to a peaceful outcome is clearly marked. What is needed is Iraq to choose that road and fully implement the resolutions adopted by the Security Council.
Looking beyond the present situation, we see that there is a need for long-range international efforts to promote peace and stability in the whole region of the Middle East once the occupation of Kuwait has been brought to an end. The countries of the region will have the main responsibility for such efforts. They could be assisted by the United Nations and its other Member States in accordance with the principles of the Charter. Finland is ready to do its share.
The United Nations, representing the collective will and the collective strength of the international community, is now facing a challenge. This challenge must be met. The benefits will be greater security, greater justice and better opportunities for equitable development for all.