THE ROLE OF THE CSCE IN THE TRANSFORMATION OF EUROPE
Let me first congratulate you for assuming the chairmanship of the Council and pledge our full cooperation with you.
I wish also thank Foreign Minister Genscher for the excellent leadership he has provided us since the Berlin meeting of the Council.
We have this morning accepted ten new States to participate in the CSCE process. We welcome these States in our midst. The CSCE community has grown in human and cultural richness and in geographical terms. We look forward to cooperate closely with our new partners.
We also welcome Croatia and Slovenia as observers and look forward to their becoming full participants in the Helsinki process.
Europe is facing a continuous challenge. The CSCE is an instrument to direct the change to the benefit of us all. The CSCE regime embraces our common values. We are all committed to its rules of domestic and international conduct.
With, several new independent states entering as participating states, the complexity of the CSCE process will increase. Enlargement calls for increased responsiveness.
In our view, the CSCE will be the primary structure in conflict management and security cooperation in the new European architecture.
The CSCE should be developed in the direction of acollective regional security system. Such a system would offer effective means in conflict prevention and settlement and, if needed, common sanctions to correct the violation of agreed norms. As stabilizing factors in Europe, NATO and WEU will be able to support a CSCE security role.
The CSCE is already mailing significant progress in creating a capability in conflict management and dispute resolution within the human dimension and also in the area of military security.
There is broad understanding among us that a peacemaking and peace-keeping capacity will be needed for Europe. We look forward to a discussion in depth in Helsinki on the future role of the CSCE in peace-keeping and on the necessary modalities.
Decision-making within the enlarged CSCE poses a serious challenge.
We are about to take an important decision in modifying the rule of consensus to guarantee legitimate joint action in compelling cases.
The credibility of the CSCE will depend to a high degree on its operational capabilities, we cannot afford losing the present momentum. Therefore, what is needed in Helsinki, is an unprejudged approach to the problems and a readiness even for unconventional solutions.
* * *
From this Council meeting we should send a clear signal: we should emphasize the importance of the practical efforts for development of the free market system in, and cooperation with, the economies in transition.
We have to find out where the CSCE and other multilateral institutions could support the economic transformation.
One of the most important means to narrow down the gap between Europe's two halves is to develop infrastructure in all fields, be it telecommunications, networks to transport, energy etc.
It seems that multilateral cooperation in the field of infrastructure is an area which so far is not covered effectively by any of the existing organizations. There are of course important bilateral and multilateral projects but no organization which would today deal with or coordinate these issues in a multilateral pan-European set-up. Therefore, in our opinion this topic would deserve a special attention in the Helsinki follow-up meeting.
While considering the development of the CSCS institutions and structures we should guard against duplication with existing and well-functioning organizations. A case in point is the Warsaw Center for democratic institutions and human rights. Its tasks are topical and relevant, yet we should not forget that the Council of Europe has the expertise and resources to deal with a variety of aspects related to the development of democratic institutions and human rights.
We urge that in the further development of the Warsaw office an effective link be established with the Council of Europe.
European political architecture will definitely benefit from rational planning and use of existing structures. It is the task of the Helsinki follow-up meeting to review the institutions and structures of the new CSCE created in the Paris Summit.